SECTION I (CHEMICAL BONDING, BI)
Unit 0. Inorganic nomenclature
Unit 1 (U1). Mass relationships in chemical reactions. Atomic and molar mass. Mol definition. Empirical and molecular formulas. Reactions stoichiometry. Adjusting chemical reactions. Limiting reagent and chemical yield. Concentrations units.
Unit 2 (U2). Chemical bonding and structure. The ionic bond and lattice energy. The covalent bond: electronegativity, Lewis structures, resonance, bond enthalpy, molecular geometry and dipole moment. Valence bond theory: Hybridization. Molecular Orbital Theory: bonding, antibonding and delocalized molecular orbitals.
SECTION II (ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, BII)
Unit 3 (U3). Hydrocarbons. Structure and composition of organic molecules. Nomenclature and physical propierties of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. Aromatic hydrocarbons.
Unit 4 (U4). Functional groups. Definition of functional group. Structure, nomenclature and physical propieties of organic compound containing functional groups.
Unit 5 (U5). Organic stereochemistry. Geometric isomerism. Conformations of acyclic compounds. Conformational analysis of cyclohexanes and another cyclic compounds. Chiral molecules. Optical activity. Absolute configuration: R and S rules. Configuración absoluta: las reglas. Molecules with more tan one stereocenters: diasteroisomers. Resolution and separation of diasteroisomers and enantiomers.
Unit 6 (U6). Organic reactivity. Reactions in organic chemistry. Reaction intermediates. Addition reactions. Elimination reactions. Substitution reactions.
SECTION III (THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS, BIII)
Unit 7 (U7). Thermochemistry. Enthalpy. Calorimetry. Standard enthalpy of formation and rection. Heat of solution and dilution. First law of thermodynamic. Spontaneous processes and entropy. Second law of thermodinamic. Gibss free energy. Free energy and chemical equilibrium.
Unit 8 (U8). Chemical equilibrium. Chemical equilibrium concept. Law of mass action, Kc. Reaction quotient. Factors that affect the chemical equilibrium. Hetereogeneous equilibria.
Unit 9 (U9). Chemical kinetics. Reaction rate. Reaction rate law. The relation between the reactant concentration and time. Factors that affect the reaction rates. Reaction mechanisms. Catalysis. The relation between chemical kinetics and chemical equilibrium.
SECTION IV (SOLUTIONS AND THEIR PROPERTIES, BIV)
Unit 10 (U10). Chemical and physical properties of solutions. Intramolecular forces. Liquid state: structure and properties of water. Phase changes. Phase diagrams. A molecular viwe of the solution process. Types of solution. The effect of the temperature on solubility. The effect of pressure on solubility of gases. Colligative properties of nonelectrolyte and electrolyte solutions.
Unit 11 (U11). Acid-base equilibria. Brönsted acids and bases. The acid-base properties of water and the pH scale. Strenght of acids and bases. Molecular structure and acid strength. Some typical acid-base reactions. Lewis acids and bases. Weak acids. Weak bases. Polyprotic acids. Acid-base properties of salt. The common ion effect. Buffer solutions.
Unit 12 (U12). Electrochemistry. Redox reactions. Standard reduction potential. Thermodynamics of the redox reaction. Batteries. Corrosion.
Practice 1 (P1). Stoichiometry workshop.
Practice 2 (P2). Chemical bonding workshop.
Practice 3 (P3). Mollecular models: nomenclature
Practice 4 (P4). Mollecular models: nomenclature
Practice 5 (P5). Mollecular models: nomenclature
Practice 6 (P6). Organic chemistry reactivity
Practice 7 (P7). Thermodynamics and kinetics workshop
Practice 8 (P8). Acid-base titrations